IMPROVING LIVELIHOOD OF CHILDREN, WOMEN AND YOUTH THROUGH
POULTRY AND FISH FARMING.
THE KEY ROCK FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (TKRCDA)
12 MONTHS, THEN IT WILL BE SELF DRIVEN PROJECT
P. O. Box 16201, Wandegeya Kampala
Tel. +256 200 903266, +256 776 721722
THE KEY ROCK FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (TKRCDA) is an Association registered in Uganda as a Non Profit Community Based organization, under registration number WCBO/699/12 in Wakiso District, Republic of Uganda
Our Vision is to have productive, innovative and orderly people who are well equipped and empowered and can actively participate to there communities development.
Our Mission is to nurture self reliance and empower the communities by providing them with the skills, enterprises and tools they need to develop them selves.
Our Values are:
- Transparency and Accountability
- Effective Participation and Involvement
- Knowledge and Information sharing
i) The Key Rock for Community Development Association is guided by these core values in all its transactions with all its members, employees, partners, Collaborators, and stake holders
ii) The Key Rock for Community Development Association brings these values to the attention of all the categories of stakeholders, mentioned above at earliest opportunity
TKRCDA having realised the need for women and youth to improve their livelihood, has thought to initiate a project on domestic income generating enterprises, girl child education and reproductive health in this area.
The conditions being experienced by Children, women and youth in and around areas in Uganda in terms of livelihood as researched by our staff and from the public outcry are a concern for THE KEY ROCK FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION to contribute towards its development in order to uplift their welfare. The organisation takes gender concerns as regards women empowerment a priority and other objectives include training rural communities in manageable income generating activities, insuring education of Girl Child, environmental protection and catering for food security. With this situation, TKRCDA has the capacity to respond by way of working with community women by availing them with developmental projects that will earn them income, nutrition and improve their level of understanding especially on policies benefiting them and help in general. This includes their children.
TKRCDA has made interventions in Kayonza sub-county, mainly in parishes of Karangara, Mukono, Kyeshero, Bujengwe and Ntungamo in addressing poverty eradication through provision of improved seeds and sensitisation on HIV/AIDS control and sponsoring children. So far there is one student studying Enrolled Comprehensive Nurse. We are requesting for support for project activities and materials so that we contribute to the welfare of women in this area.
We’re currently advocating for commercial poultry and fish farming to address these challenges, in these families will generate funds to support them selves and educate there children.
PROBLEM STATEMENT AND JUSTIFICATION
The need to improve the welfare and livelihood conditions of women and girls is an issue to be addressed. The women around these areas are poor and less informed, lack of technical guidance on productive enterprises and product markets. Government intervention in the economic utilization of natural resources is still low and gender mobilization for development is minimal despite the high number of women who are to be considered in empowerment.
Lower productivity within women enterprises of poultry, crop, apiculture and livestock calls for redress. Fish farming from natural waters like Lake Victoria and others cannot meet the requirements of locals for domestic consumption and marketing as most of it ends up in larger markets as per government design. This situation affects women and children especially those pregnant and under 5 years respectively.
Programmes addressing reproductive health by government need much to be complemented as few grassroots women have benefited. Cross cutting challenges like HIV/AIDS and environmental protection are at early stages of redress due to lack of updated information to the locals. HIV/AIDS prevalent rate here exceeds the national average and is over 8.4%, younger women are most affected here as Older men working takes advantage of them with small things/gifts since they can’t get them especially from their family/parents. Infant mortality rate exceeds 95 per 1,000 children born while literacy rate is below 69%, mainly women affected.
The Key Rock For Community Development Association (TKRCDA) has come up to address this situation by handling two programs of Poultry and Fish farming concurrently for they symbiotically benefit from each. Considering population in Wakiso According to the 2002 national census figures,
Wakiso District had a population of approximately 957,300 according to 2002 national census, making it the second-most populated district in the country. At that time, 53% of the population was children below the age of 18 years and 17% of the total population were orphans. It is estimated that the population of Wakiso District was approximately 1,310,100 in 2010. Income generating projects that improves the livelihood would be set as models and will include chicken multiplication and rearing through incubators on a semi-intensive scales, fish farming in women groups, bee keeping and honey processing for organic honey. We shall also handle awareness on reproductive health and community sensitization about infant and maternal mortality rate using proper instruments. Cross cutting challenges will also be addressed.
We shall focus ourselves on women that fall in the age bracket of 14 – 40 years who amount to 9,396, we feel that this age bracket will easily conceptualize the need of improved livelihood and the welfare of women and pass the same to the rest of the generation as time goes. In helping these women, there families including young children will be the potential beneficiaries.
At the end of the project cycle, more than 9,000 women will have benefited and the community outside this area will have known the importance of this project. We hope to start with Project like Fish Farming (semi intensive) and Poultry Projects, then train groups and individuals to initiate same projects.
- To make women in this area are more informed on gender concepts and policies that favours them as well as catering for girl child education through sponsorships
- Improve household income and equip women with skills used in modern production for enterprises like bee keeping, poultry and fish farming in addition to food production.
- To improve the welfare of women and increase group development as well participatory approach in handling matters related to them.
- To create market outlets for women crafts in the good markets and offer women employment as well as reducing HIV/AIDS infection rate in the park area.
- Improve nutrition, reduce infant and maternal mortality rate as well as early pregnancies and forced marriages.
- To strengthen the organisation capacity to handle matters related to women development.
1. Setting up a project core team
2. Conducting seminars on gender concepts and policies that empower women.
3. Identifying, selection and training of 24 women welfare councilors.
4. Carrying out participatory community mapping exercise on women to establish the targeted group.
5. Establishing Poultry Farm (In one place) and Fish Farm to act as demonstration farm and also it will be source of income to run future projects of the organization… to be source of income to sponsor students especially ygirls from poor families in our targeted communities.
6. Acquisition an outlet in the tourist and other market centers for women crafts and other products.
7. Identifying beneficiaries of various enterprises.
8. Developing a communication link system to the project.
9. Recommending to Government and concerned Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) girl children to sponsor in further education especially post primary.
10. Sensitising on reproductive health to reduce infant and maternal mortality rate, teenage pregnancy and forced marriage.
11. Holding radio talk shows on development issues by women project stakeholders including beneficiaries.
12. Putting up women welfare committees at parish level and welfare clubs at sub-county level.
13. Recruitment and selection of technical staff.
14. Participation in national and international women day functions.
15. Liaising with Local Government, agriculture, veterinary, health extension workers for complimentary technical support to women.
16. Establishing, monitoring and evaluation components to document process and outcome as well as ensuring operation soundness and share experience.
STRATEGIES FOR PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
We shall use the following strategies in order to attain the project objectives:
i. Beneficiary Participation (Beneficiaries) The women community leaders, youth and other targeted in the age bracket staying in areas of operation are involved in the program implementation particularly in community mobilisation, project implementation and community women mapping exercise.
ii. Alignment with national guidelines and policies: National guidelines and policies will be followed right from program design, implementation, monitory and evaluation as well as dissemination. The key national guidelines and policies to be followed are; The National Action Plan on women 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th priority areas concerning Legal and Policy Frame Work and Leadership, the Social and Economic Empowerment of women, Reproductive Health and Rights with responsibilities, the Girl Child and Education, Peace Building and Conflict Resolution with Freedom from violence respectively. Here, the 4th priority of the girl child education will be more emphasised. Other key national guidelines and policies will include national strategic framework of HIV/AIDS activities, National monitoring and to the PEPFAR guidelines and policies in the implementation of the program.
iii. Quality service Delivery: There will be a focus on delivery of quality gender and livelihood services by incorporating a process of quality assessment and continuous quality improvement in and the planned activities.
iv. Linkages: We shall develop and maintain strong linkages with other national and local stakeholders concerning women in development.
There will be training and sensitising about the project in order to establish the project to the women of this area. This will be organised by the project core team selected among members of the organisation totalling to 8 women leaders.
Several seminars will be put in place that will talk about different problems and how we hope the project will work on them. This initial sensitisation programme will end with radio talk shows in which TKRCDA members and other members from the public e.g. local women councilors, extension workers will affirm to the public about the project activities and ask public support towards the success of the project.
During the sensitisation process, the project core team in collaboration with the public, local councils, organisation existing staff and other stakeholders will skillfully select 24 women who can be good example to the public to train as women welfare councilors to the other people about questions concerning the project and how to go about it. These 24 will be trained in different activities in which our project will be entitled to, at least 2 women from each parish.
During these training, facilitators with local languages about livelihood, reproductive health, gender subject matter above will be called upon to give lectures to these trainees.
The organization will recruit a coordinator for this project and 3 social workers, all of them women. Women in this area will be sensitised on their roles in order to effect meaningful development. Concepts to handle in this case will include socialisation, gender relations, Gender Division of Labour, Gender Roles considering Productive and Reproductive, Access and Control over resources and Benefits, Practical Gender Needs, Strategic Gender Needs as well as the approach on the Women in Development, Gender and Development, Gender Equality, Gender equity and Empowerment. All these will pull the confidence of women in this area to take equal positions with men in opportunities.
They will participate and benefit equally from the development process through given resources, the awareness creation and the power to make decisions about their own lives and get involved in executing them.
Also, policies passed by parliament that favours them will be passed on to the grass root women.
The incubator will also be introduced which will facilitate to develop chicken rearing as a commercial alternative to the income generating enterprise activity for the women.
We shall give initially 50 chicks to each family and at the end of 4-6 months the chicken stock will be sold as guided by the organization depending on whether they are layers chicks or broilers chicks
The existing market for chicken in hospitals, schools, hotels, tourist centers and restaurants around the area calls for such enterprise. Chicken demand arises as for its good taste, resistance to disease, early and cheap to manage under local environment. The efficient utilisation of poor feed resource base, more tasty eggs and meat (fresh), the good broadness with Excellency motherly qualities, the sizeable weight, the plumage colour and design, good forage feeding are also added qualities for its demand. This puts it a priority in programmes to alleviate poverty. More market for ceremonial functions like marriage introduction, child birth and naming, all this makes it rank high compared to other farming enterprises hence the existing market opportunity, Government NAADS Programme.
Poultry: TKRCDA will procure 10,000 Layers (Hisex Brown), 2200 Broilers, 20,000 Nile Tilapia, and 10,000 African cat Fish. These will be set up at a project demonstration farm, an will act as source of revenues to run project and also fund individuals and groups to run same projects for their basic needs, Revenues will also be used as funds to sponsor children from targeted populations as stated in our objectives.
Later, 1800 pullets and 180 parent stock cocks for the purpose of getting fertilised eggs that will be hatched through the project incubator acquired by the organization/Association. The hatched chicks will be kept in brooder for one month and later given to women with a minimum of 50 chicks per farm family, so at the end of the project more than 1,240 household families will have benefited. The operation of hatching and incubating the eggs will be done by the organisation on its premises and its support staff.
Prior to receiving of these chicks, they will be trained on housing semi intensively, planting greens as feeds for chicken and feeding chicken and generally the management and diseases control.
The organisation will take record of whoever has beneficiary for the purpose of keeping track. Technical guidance including vaccines by organisation, district and other organisation liaised with will be provided to women in order to keep track and avoid loss. Every beneficiary will be required to pay 10% to the organisation after sale to allow sustainability and for the use of other members to benefit. We encourage to sale 4-6 months maturity.
The incubator intake is 3,600 eggs per month thus 21 days. So with a hatch failure of 2% 3,528 will be produced per month. This will lead to an average family earning 360,000/= after every 5 months and also fertility of soil as a result of chicken waste/droppings to their garden.
Fish Ponds: In addition to 20,000 Nile Tilapia, and 10,000 African cat Fish, two Fish pond each of 600m2 will be excavated in the 2 sub-counties in each of targeted areas and will be run by selected women groups with the guidance of technical staff. 1,500 Tilapia species and 300 Clarias, will be introduced in each pond, that will bring an income of 14,580,000/= after 11 months from each pond considering the farming failure of 10%. Of the income, 10% will be for the organisation and the rest shared by the group members as well as continuation of business.
Bee keeping as a technological option will respond to the women household income, nutritional demand and market opportunities as well as increasing environmental care and responsibility in this area. This will base on our previous intervention on agro forestry and managing the existing tree species in the community. It will be a commercial rearing of honey bees in the region. In addition bees pollinate crops like beans, oil seeds, fruit vegetables and hence increase crop yields. So the existing multipurpose flowering trees, bushes herbs and ornamentals will support the enterprise today identifying 20 beneficiaries. The Kenya Top Bar Hive (KTB) will be used and the hives will be purchased and distributed to 20 women active beneficiaries. Every beneficiary will get 5 hives and will be able to produce 15 Kg of organic honey from each hive after 6 months. In so doing, an average farmer will earn 600,000/= after 6 months i.e. 1 Kg costs 8,000/=.
Counseling services will be offered in the process of tackling cross cutting challenges; women will be encouraged to test their blood in order to know their status. Families will be advised on HIV/AIDS prevention, control, care and support. Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) will be at their fingertips and will be emphasized
Reproductive health committees managed by ladies will be set that will address early and forced marriages, reduction of infant and maternal mortality rate as well as cross cutting challenges like HIV/AIDS. The social workers will have extra technical skills in handling this sector mainly to women.
Elective welfare committees will be set at parish levels composed of 6 members where every village will be represented and will focus on women development consolidation. Welfare clubs will be set at sub-county level handling games and recreation issues.
v 70% decrease in number of women who do not know their rights and policies that favour them.
v Over 75% increase in skills acquisition of enterprise management by women.
v Over 60% decrease in reproductive health cases to women and malnutrition to children.
v Over 70% increase in income generating and food availability to households within the region.
v Increase in household transition to more independent sustainable environment.
v Strengthen organizational capacity of GFCD to handle issues related to women especially in rural communities.
v Over 45 different products being sold through the craft outlet in the national park to tourists.
v Over 80% decreases in early and forced marriages as well as increase in level of dietary products to women and children.
v Government, international NGOs and other partners in their efforts of achieving millennium development goals will pick interest in Griffith Foundation for community Development.
v The impact of the project will be rolled to other areas outside besides the areas of target
v 40% reduction in prostitution by young girls’ who are looking for money.
· Women welfare communities and clubs in place.
· Project team in place.
· Presence of one incubator, pullets, parent stock cocks and brooder house.
· Presence of 20 women bee keepers and 100 bee hives with honey processing equipment.
· Shop outlet for women crafts in place.
· Counselling services being offered regarding HIV/AIDS prevention and control.
· 6 fish ponds in place in the 2 sub counties, 3 in each being operated by women in groups.
· Lower recorded maternal and infant mortality rate in hospitals and health centres.
· Change in domestic income and diet.
· Radio talk shows on the programme running at least twice every month.
· 2 motor cycles and 12 bicycles in place.
· Requirements like solar systems, generators, projector, medical kits, video camera, and fish material in place.
· Seminars running on women empowerment in every Sub County and parishes.
· Three computers with their accessories in place.
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Although we shall use external evaluators, we shall have an internal system of evaluation where stakeholders in the project will sit and see performance standards which will be based on for evaluations thus measuring performance. This will apply to staff, women welfare councilor and active beneficiaries. This will be done quarterly. Meeting of staff and women welfare councilors will be done every after two weeks at the headquarters and rolled to different branch offices.
Duties and responsibilities to stake holders will be set in away of systematically analysing and documenting the important facts about their duties in line with the project objectives.
Behavioural feedback will be based on specific, observable or verifiable data and information and will be delivered as close to the events or behavioral as possible in the course of work. Impacts of performance will be discussed along with organization policies. Stakeholders will receive timely, frequent and specific feedback so as to understand what is expected of them to repeat successful performance and to improve their work when necessary. During the internal evaluation, members who are not part of the implementing team or project team will handle it as performance standards are written and are clear. Means like simple tools as questionnaires, simple survey, interviews will be used to carry out the activity and evaluation.
The project coordinator will prepare monthly, quarterly and annual reports and will also prepare reports as required by the Funding Organization.
The community will jealously guard the interest of the project thereby achieving community security. The project is not political from the basis of the organisation, objectives thus has good will of protection as it focuses mainly on women in development. Our activities will be done recognizing the role of local government and other stake holders.
At the end of the project cycle, there will be sustainability as a result of organisation follow up through its permanent staff. Also women welfare communities and clubs will be structures for continuity as they offer change in their elective positions.
Profit sustaining enterprises as earlier demonstration like local chicken, bee keeping, craft outlet, and fish farming will offer minimal percentage of about 10% to the organization for sustainability.
The organization’s permanent staff will follow up in the course of doing their duties at the end of the project cycle. We also feel that though our frequent reporting; giving copies to government suitable policies will be developed on women using the right instruments.